Industrial waste management is one of the main matters of concern in industrial sewage. It includes collection, processing, transport, recycling and finally the disposal of accumulated waste. This process is carried out to reduce the effect caused to the environment.Unattended industrial waste turns out to be hazardous to mankind. So the proper disposal of industrial waste is required to save the environment from pollution.
Waste management helps in reuse of some of the resources of the accumulated waste. Items like cans, newspapers, glass jars and plastic articles are better reused than being disposing them to the environment. These articles should be sorted and disposed separately. Due to content of different nature these items should not be treated in the same way. As per the nature of the content, the waste items should be segregated in to solid, liquid, gaseous or radioactive particles.
The two major methods of waste disposal are Landfills and incineration. In the process of landfills, the waste materials are buried in to the land. It has to be carried out properly and very carefully. Landfills are the hygienic and economic process of waste disposal. But the entire thing depends on the correct disposal in to the ground. Correct techniques of waste disposal under the ground should be used to protect the earth from any kind of hazards. If not buried properly, the disposed materials can be toxic for the land and reduce its fertility. Carbon dioxide or other gaseous material carries chances of break down when disposed underground. This can lead to land demolition St. Kilda and land breakage. Incineration is however the combustion process of waste articles. Garbage here is heated up, converted into gas or ash and finally disposed. This method is used for the disposal of Medical waste from hospitals.
Recycle treatment of Industrial waste is best for the environment safety. Recycling the old items is always a wise idea than to dispose it. The waste materials could also be buried or incinerated instead of disposing it. Or eve a new item ca again be created from the old plastic article. Biological reprocessing, physical reprocessing, and energy recovery are the three main processes involved. These are all safe methods and do not produce any harmful gas which can affect the environment. This reduces the chances of land demolition and prevents environmental hazards. Ensuring no harm to the environment is the first yardstick of proper waste disposal.
The contamination caused by the chemical, Physical and biological components of the waste articles should be treated to decrease the scarcity of hygienic water. This contamination can:
1. Endanger the natural habitats of the environment
2. Carry risk to the living creatures
3. Increases the issues related to scarcity of water
4. Growth of algae and weeds